Thursday, September 17, 2009

20-POINT AGREEMENT (SABAH)

History
The agreement was written for the main purpose of safeguarding the interests, rights, and the autonomy of the people of Sabah upon entering the federation of Malaysia. It was originally envisaged that Sabah be one of the four entities in the federation, the others being Malaya, Singapore, and Sarawak. However as times passed, Sabah and Sarawak has ended up being merely one of the 13 states in the federation.




The position today
There has been numerous calls for the agreement to be reviewed to take into account social, economic, and political changes over time.[2]




THE AGREEMENT



Point 1: Religion

While there was no objection to Islam being the national religion of Malaysia there should be no State religion in North Borneo, and the provisions relating to Islam in the present Constitution of Malaya should not apply to North Borneo




Point 2: Language

a. Malay should be the national language of the Federation
b. English should continue to be used for a period of 10 years after Malaysia Day
c. English should be an official language of North Borneo for all purposes, State or Federal, without limitation of time.



Point 3: Constitution

Whilst accepting that the present Constitution of the Federation of Malaya should form the basis of the Constitution of Malaysia, the Constitution of Malaysia should be a completely new document drafted and agreed in the light of a free association of states and should not be a series of amendments to a Constitution drafted and agreed by different states in totally different circumstances. A new Constitution for North Borneo (Sabah) was of course essential.




Point 4: Head of Federation

The Head of State in North Borneo should not be eligible for election as Head of the Federation




Point 5: Name of Federation

“Malaysia” but not “Melayu Raya”




Point 6: Immigration

Control over immigration into any part of Malaysia from outside should rest with the Central Government but entry into North Borneo should also require the approval of the State Government. The Federal Government should not be able to veto the entry of persons into North Borneo for State Government purposes except on strictly security grounds. North Borneo should have unfettered control over the movements of persons other than those in Federal Government employ from other parts of Malaysia into North Borneo.




Point 7: Right of Secession

There should be no right to secede from the Federation




Point 8: Borneanisation

Borneanisation of the public service should proceed as quickly as possible.




Point 9: British Officers

Every effort should be made to encourage British Officers to remain in the public service until their places can be taken by suitably qualified people from North Borneo




Point 10: Citizenship

The recommendation in paragraph 148(k) of the Report of the Cobbold Commission should govern the citizenship rights in the Federation of North Borneo subject to the following amendments:

a) sub-paragraph (i) should not contain the proviso as to five years residence
b) in order to tie up with our law, sub-paragraph (ii)(a) should read “7 out of 10 years” instead of “8 out of 10 years”
c) sub-paragraph (iii) should not contain any restriction tied to the citizenship of parents – a person born in North Borneo after Malaysia must be federal citizen.




Point 11: Tariffs and Finance

North Borneo should retain control of its own finance, development and tariff, and should have the right to work up its own taxation and to raise loans on its own credit.




Point 12: Special position of indigenous races

In principle, the indigenous races of North Borneo should enjoy special rights analogous to those enjoyed by Malays in Malaya, but the present Malays’ formula in this regard is not necessarily applicable in North Borneo




Point 13: State Government

a) the Prime Minister should be elected by unofficial members of Legislative Council
b) There should be a proper Ministerial system in North Borneo




Point 14: Transitional period

This should be seven years and during such period legislative power must be left with the State of North Borneo by the Constitution and not be merely delegated to the State Government by the Federal Government




Point 15: Education

The existing educational system of North Borneo should be maintained and for this reason it should be under state control




Point 16: Constitutional safeguards

No amendment modification or withdrawal of any special safeguard granted to North Borneo should be made by the Central Government without the positive concurrence of the Government of the State of North Borneo

The power of amending the Constitution of the State of North Borneo should belong exclusively to the people in the state. (Note: The United Party, The Democratic Party and the Pasok Momogun Party considered that a three-fourth majority would be required in order to effect any amendment to the Federal and State Constitutions whereas the UNKO and USNO considered a two-thirds majority would be sufficient)





Point 17: Representation in Federal Parliament

This should take account not only of the population of North Borneo but also of its seize and potentialities and in any case should not be less than that of Singapore




Point 18: Name of Head of State

Yang di-Pertua Negara




Point 19: Name of State

Sabah




Point 20: Land, Forests, Local Government, etc.

The provisions in the Constitution of the Federation in respect of the powers of the National Land Council should not apply in North Borneo. Likewise, the National Council for Local Government should not apply in North Borneo.


Sumber:-
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20-point_agreement_(Sabah)

Wednesday, September 16, 2009

SIHAT DIHARI LEBARAN

Salam kasih kepada semua rakan2 dan pengunjung setia.... Agak lama saya tidak mengemas teratak ini... Sedar tak sedar saudara dan rakan2 yang beragama Islam akan menyambut Syawal tidak lama lagi.. Sudah tentu sekarang ini sedang sibuk untuk menyediakan persiapan akhir untuk menyambut hari lebaran. Semua perlu disediakan baju raya,duit raya, budget raya (hehehe...) tidak ketinggalan kuih muih dan senarai menu di pagi yang mulia itu nanti..

Saudara terkasih, didalam kesibukan untuk berhari raya jangan lupa utk mengamalkan beberapa amalan kesihatan semasa hari lebaran seperti, Amalkan 5M dalam diet lebaran. 5M merupakan satu pendekatan baru Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia dalam meningkatkan taraf hidup masyarakat Malaysia terutamanya dalam pengambilan makanan secara sihat. Ia adalah singkatan bagi (Mengurangkan GULA, Mengurangkan GARAM, Mengurangkan MINYAK, MELEBIHKAN buah-buahan, MELEBIHKAN sayur-sayuran). 5 Panduan makanan yang selamat ialah ( Jaga kebersihan, Asingkan makanan mentah dari makanan yang sudah dimasak, Masak dengan cara yang betul, Simpan pada suhu yang selamat, Gunakan air dan bahan mentah yang selamat).Gunakan deria anda di Aidilfitri....Semasa berkunjung kerumah sanak-saudara dan sahabat handai di aidilfitri, kebiasaannya kita akan dihidangkan dengan pelbagai jenis juadah seperti ketupat,rendang, dan lemang. Walaubagaimanapun, makanan ini boleh juga menjadi punca kepada keracunan makanan kerana pada kebiasaannya, menjelang aidilfitri acara memasak dijalankan seawal pagi atau sehari sebelumnya.Untuk mengelakkan masalah keracunan makanan diAidilfitri, anda boleh mengamalkan konsep berikut dalam membuat penilaian ringkas sama ada makanan tersebut masih elok atau telah basi. LIHAT (Berbuih,berlendir,berkulat,tamat tarikh luput), HIDU ( Berbau tidak menyenangkan dan berbeza daripada biasa) dan RASA ( Makanan yg telah menjadi basi/busuk kebiasaannya akan memberi rasa masam atau tidak enak utk dimakan)



SUMBER:-

  • Pertubuhan Kesihatan Sedunia (WHO)
  • Info Sihat Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia

p/s: Kata Sanguru di ruangan komen SAM, Amat sesuai di hari lebaran dan hari2 biasa...


SELAMAT MENYAMBUT HARI RAYA ADILFITRI
MAAF ZAHIR & BATIN

SELAMAT MENYAMBUT HARI MALAYSIA

Semoga perpaduan sentiasa ujud diantara kita dan berjalan seiring untuk mencapai kemajuan dan kemakmuran......


BENDERA NEGERI SABAH
  • Bentuk Gunung Kinabalu melambangkan Negeri Sabah.
  • Lima jenis warna melambangkan Lima Bahagian di Negeri Sabah.
  • Warna biru zirkon, melambangkan keamanan dan ketenteraman.
  • Putih melambangkan kemurnian dan keadilan
  • Warna merah cili melambangkan keberanian dan keyakinan.
  • Warna biru salji melambangkan perpaduan dan kemakmuran
  • Warna nilakandi melambangkan kekuatan dan semangat berkerjasama.





LAMBANG NEGERI SABAH
  • Dua tangan menjunjung bendeera Negeri Sabah melambangkan perpaduan dan kerjasama rakyat berbilang kaum demi kemajuan dan kejayaan.
  • Bentuk Gunung Kinabalu melambangkan Negeri Sabah.
  • Lima enis warna melambangkan lima Bahagian di Negeri Sabah.
  • Warna biru zirkon melambangkan keamanan dan ketenteraman
  • Putih melambangkan kemurnian dan keadilan.
  • warna merah cili melambangkan keberanian dan keyakinan.
  • Warna biru salji melambangkan perpaduan dan kemakmuran.
  • Warna nilakandi melambangkan kekuatan dan semangat kerjasama.


LAGU KEBANGSAAN NEGERI SABAH


Sabah Tanah Airku


Sabah Tanahair Ku
Negeri Kita Yang Tercinta
Pemuda Pemudi Semua
Marilah Bangunlah Bersatu Semua
Marilah Bersama Serta Maju Jaya
Merdeka Sepanjang Masa
Bersatu Segala Bangsa
Sentosa Sabah Negeri Merdeka